Your diesel engine needs to stay at a reasonable temperature to work properly. When it overheats, it can cause reduced performance or a complete failure, resulting in a replacement. If your diesel engine overheats, you can find the problem and get everything running again. Discover how to diagnose diesel engine overheating in boats.
Causes of Industrial Diesel Engines Overheating
An overheated diesel engine often happens because it can’t effectively manage heat. To find the cause of an overheated engine, check for issues such as:
Coolant level and quality: If your coolant level is too low, pockets of air can get into your cooling system and create air bubbles. Engine temperatures will start to fluctuate, overheating your diesel engine. The quality of your coolant is also important, as it should match what you’ve previously used in your engine. Follow your operations manual if you’re not sure what to use.
Faulty temperature gauge: Sometimes a faulty temperature gauge, sensor or thermostat can seem like diesel engine overheating. You should replace your gauge and check your engine again to make sure everything’s working.
A malfunctioning fan drive: A fan drive that isn’t working correctly can block air flow to your radiator core. This issue will cause the coolant to stop cooling to the proper temperature differential, which will overheat your engine.
Loose drive belts: A loose fan drive belt can also reduce coolant flow. While checking your fan drive belts, you should also look at your water pump. A malfunctioning water pump belt will also cause engine overheating.
Check all parts of your engine and cooling system thoroughly to find the cause of your overheated engine. You can also get help from a trained mechanic.
What Happens If an Industrial Diesel Engine Overheats?
When an engine stays overheated for an extended time, it can cause permanent damage to the surrounding parts and systems. Overheating can harm parts such as the:
1. Cylinder head
2. Seals and gaskets
3. Head gasket
4. Pistons and piston rings
5. Water pump
6. Spark plug
7. Cylinder bore
Once your engine reaches a temperature above the temperature gauge, it starts to cause damage. You need to turn everything off when the engine overheats to avoid permanent harm.
How Do I Identify Marine Diesel Engine Overheating?
If you have an overheating marine diesel engine, you have different causes to consider. The potential problems behind an overheated marine diesel engine include:
1. Mixing elbow corrosion
2. Scale in the heat exchanger
3. Seawater filter blockage
4. Loss of drive belt tension
5. Freshwater tank leakage
6. System blockage from a broken impeller
7. Delamination (layer separation) inside engine hoses
8. Trapped air
Some causes, such as a malfunctioning thermostat, overlap with other overheating causes. Examining the engine and cooling system can help you figure out where the issue began.